Поражение кожи при коронавирусной инфекции, вызванной вирусом SARS-CoV-2 , распределяют на семь категорий. К первой категории относятся ангииты кожи, обусловленные непосредственно COVID-19 инфекцией, на фоне которой происходит поражение стенок мелких сосудов дермы циркулирующими в крови иммунными комплексами. Ангииты локализуются на коже верхних и нижних конечностей. Они похожи на обморожения, болезненные, зудящие. Такие проявления обычно бывают у молодых пациентов с легким течением заболевания, проявляются на поздних стадиях и длятся примерно 12 дней.
In 2021, in Ukraine, vaccination coverage rates for children under 1 year of age against such infections as tuberculosis, measles, whooping cough, diphtheria, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B, etc. ranged from 78% to 80.1% (with the required level >90 %), which is undoubtedly not enough to recognize the epidemic situation under control. In particular, this figure for 3 vaccinations against polio at the age of up to 1 year was 80.1%, 5 vaccinations at the age of 6 years received only 78.4% of children. At the same time, vaccination coverage rates varied widely across regions. In 12 regions, among children under 1 year old, they were <80% and ranged from 68.5% to 73.9%, and among children under 18 months. (4 vaccinations) - 66% to 73%. That is, almost 20-30% of children did not receive routine vaccination against poliomyelitis due to age in the above target groups, subject to vaccination according to the Immunization Schedule.
At present, the risk of increased circulation of vaccine-related polioviruses and associated outbreaks with a low level of vaccination coverage against the background of the use of an oral vaccine is also complicated by military operations in the country, leading to the destruction of the infrastructure of cities and towns, intensive migration and evacuation of the population. Ukraine, and to regions where there are no active hostilities (Chernivtsi, Transcarpathian, Lvov, Volyn regions). These areas were the ones with the lowest polio vaccination rates in 2021.
Treatment with corticosteroids (especially prednisolone ≥20 mg/day or equivalent) is associated with an increased risk of infection. However, it is unclear whether corticosteroid therapy is associated with an increased risk of developing COVID-19 or its complications. Data on budesonide, a topical corticosteroid with low systemic bioavailability, show that these drugs are associated with significantly fewer side effects compared to systemic corticosteroids and their side effects are close to placebo. If possible, corticosteroids should be avoided and a rapid dose reduction considered, and a switch to budesonide is recommended. This must be taken into account, taking into account the risk of exacerbation of CKD. If a patient with COPD is in contact with a person with COVID-19 or develops COVID-19, it is recommended to gradually reduce the dose of corticosteroids, the use of budesonide is preferred, but taking into account the severity of COPD and the risk of exacerbation.