В Україні кожен 3-й дорослий має підвищений артеріальний тиск. Така сама тенденція спостерігається і у світі. Через високий тиск зростає ризик розвитку мозкового інсульту, інфаркту міокарда, серцевої чи ниркової недостатності. У світі підвищений артеріальний тиск спричиняє близько 7,5 мільйонів смертей щороку. Це понад 12% від загальної кількості.
So, at the population level, health is a multifactorial phenomenon that includes both an objective and a subjective component. Considering that low self-esteem of health is a factor influencing its formation in young people, their choice of risky behavior, propensity for bad habits and psychological disorders, it is important to take into account the subjective component of health in adolescents and young people. the purpose of early detection of certain deviations in self-esteem or the impact on the formation of health of adverse factors, the effect of which can be minimized.
Treatment with corticosteroids (especially prednisolone ≥20 mg/day or equivalent) is associated with an increased risk of infection. However, it is unclear whether corticosteroid therapy is associated with an increased risk of developing COVID-19 or its complications. Data on budesonide, a topical corticosteroid with low systemic bioavailability, show that these drugs are associated with significantly fewer side effects compared to systemic corticosteroids and their side effects are close to placebo.
If possible, corticosteroids should be avoided and a rapid dose reduction considered, and a switch to budesonide is recommended. This must be taken into account, taking into account the risk of exacerbation of CKD.
If a patient with COPD is in contact with a person with COVID-19 or develops COVID-19, it is recommended to gradually reduce the dose of corticosteroids, the use of budesonide is preferred, but taking into account the severity of COPD and the risk of exacerbation.
A separate problem is the treatment of hypertension in patients with COVID-19. The presence of a history of hypertension in patients with COVID-19 was associated with a more severe course of infection, in contrast to patients who did not have hypertension. According to modern concepts, during the COVID-19 pandemic, patients with hypertension should carefully monitor their blood pressure levels and take constantly prescribed medications. This also applies to the use of so-called blockers of the renin-angiotensin system for the treatment of patients with hypertension: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers. A number of recent studies show that these groups of drugs not only do not increase the risk of infection with the virus, but also significantly improve the course of coronavirus disease.